JCR has been implementing a wide range of measures to mitigate its environmental impact, such as reducing CO2 emissions and effectively using water resources.
JCR has been implementing a wide range of measures to mitigate its environmental impact, including reducing CO2 emissions and effectively using water resources. For example, we have worked to transition to LED lighting at all company facilities and shift all our commercial vehicles, including those used at plants and the Research Institute, to hybrid cars and electric vehicles. In addition, we have promoted measures such as reducing water use at manufacturing sites, along with adopting single-use bioreactors to ensure the efficient use of manufacturing facilities.
In 2015, we introduced electric vehicles as a means of transportation between sites, in conjunction with installing power feed systems at our headquarters as well as at plants and the Research Institute. Currently, hybrid cars account for around half of the vehicles used in business activities. Going forward, we will sequentially switch over to electric vehicles as public charging stations become more widely available. In 2016, we installed a solar power generating system at our Research Institute (in Nishi-ku, Kobe). Moreover, we have taken steps to improve energy consumption in production activities in cooperation with The Kansai Electric Power Company, Incorporated.
JCR has seen an increase in total energy use (electricity, gas) as its business results have grown. In the Research Division, total energy use has increased due to the start of operation of the Clinical Trial Material Manufacturing Center (CTMC) and Cell Processing Center (CPC) in 2016. In the Production Division, total energy use has remained mostly flat, mainly owing to the installation of highly energy-efficient equipment and revisions to how we use energy. We expect to obtain data on energy use in business activities (mainly gasoline) from FY2019.
We have seen a decrease in the use of water resources, despite growth in our business results. The main reasons for the decrease were reductions in the amount of water used in research and production processes and efforts to promote the recovery, reuse, etc. of exhaust steam. All water used in research and production activities has been treated appropriately.
Fluorocarbon emissions are known to be a cause of global warming. JCR complies with the Fluorocarbon Emission Control Law (Act on Rational Use and Proper Management of Fluorocarbons) to control the impact of fluorocarbon emissions on the environment. Pursuant to this law, we implement statutory inspections (simplified and regular), manage the number of refrigeration facilities, which can generate fluorocarbon emissions, and monitor the volume of fluorocarbon leakage. We also comply with the Noise Regulation Act to control the impact of noise on the areas surrounding sites. Pursuant to this act, we install equipment and other facilities in consideration of any noise impacts sites may cause.
We comply with the Water Pollution Prevention Act and Sewerage Act to control the impact of wastewater on the environment. Pursuant to these laws as well as ordinances, we monitor items (such as pH, BOD, and heavy metals) at the required frequency, taking into account the different types of raw materials. We have confirmed that every item is within the legally required environmental standards.
Turning to waste, we conduct industrial waste treatment in compliance with the Waste Management and Public Cleansing Act and related ordinances, and recycle certain recyclable materials, such as cardboard.
To date, we have confirmed that none of our environmental impacts has exceeded statutory environmental limits as a result of the aforementioned research and production activities. Up until this point, we have also appropriately managed the weight of waste materials, recycling rate, and other metrics. However, data convertible to weight has not been obtained, but we plan to gather this information from FY2019.